Check out my full course which includes examples in French and… I thought the best thing to do would be to provide you with comprehensive lists and practice resources. In English, the infinitive is the word "to" followed by a verb: "to talk," "to see," "to return." (What method to choose?). Show always the foreign infinitive if possible. When two verbs are following each other. When you have a sentence that contains both pronouns and a negative construction, the negative construction precedes the pronouns: Ne jamais la laisser ouverte. On the box, it said "ready to fry" and the French translation said "Prêt à frire". Other lists to master @ LLL BLOG:Verbs + NO PREPOSITION + Infinitives. (Which color to choose?). Negative constructions should surround the conjugated verb and precede the preposition, if there is one: Jean ne va pas manger ce soir. Infinitive form We usually categorize a verb into different groups by its present infinitive: ¨ Examples : Nathan joue de la flûte → jouer Charlotte fait du théâtre. (It’s difficult to talk to Adrien. If an additional verb is required to make a sentence meaningful, it must be employed in the infinitive. faire – to do, to make However, this isn’t always correct. monter (to go upstairs), In English, the word to always precedes the infinitive; for example, to speak and to dance are infinitives. In French, infinitive verbs always end in either er, re, or ir. ), Avant de manger, je me lave les mains. The best thing to do is work on memorizing these lists. Mettre un casque de sécurité. If true, the Spanish infinitive will always be used. "Frire" means "to fry" because it is in infinitive. Un moyen de ne pas diviser l'infinitif. In French, unconjugated verbs end in either -er, -re or -ir. In the case of French, you first encounter verbs like être (to be) and avoir (to have), in their unconjugated, unadulterated form. Fill in the blanks with À, DE, or NOTHING at all with verbs followed by infinitives and nouns. Dual-verb constructions are constructions that are formed with a semi-auxiliary verb such as aller (to go), devoir [faire quelque chose] (to have to [do something]), espérer (to wish), promettre (to promise) or vouloir (to want to), followed by another verb in the infinitive: Nicole voudrait dormir. Object, reflexive and adverbial pronouns are usually placed between the two verbs and after the preposition (if there is one) that follows the conjugated verb: Caroline doit se laver les mains. The imperative mood is most commonly used in French to give commands. ), Lire, c’est voyager. Many French verbs can be followed by another verb in the infinitive. So, speaking of word order, let’s talk about word order in the context of the French infinitive. In French there are several phrases, words and structures that are followed by the infinitive. (Elise is happy to have moved. Click here to get a copy. These verbs have irregular conjugations. The infinitive form of a verb in French translates roughly as 'to + verb' in English. You can form an infinitive verb by adding "to" in front of any base verb. After having spent time using your practice cards…. As counter-intuitive as it may seem, unconjugated verbs are not just a thing of your early French-learning days. → faire From this infinitive form the verb can be classified into three different groups In French, there is no “to” before the verb. It is important to revise verbs followed by nouns to help you remember when to use the pronouns Y and EN as well as the relative pronoun DONT. This is the purest, unconjugated part through which you later conjugate new constructions and make sentences. In French, you will always use the infinitive in those cases. voter est un droit. TRÈS IMPORTANT: Unlike my level A2 lesson, this is a course about verbs when followed both by infinitives as well as nouns. J’aurais préféré avoir mangé plus tôt. Examples: vouloir c'est pouvoir = where there is a will, there is a way. The past infinitive is used in four instances. (Nicole would like to sleep.). In either case, you start with the basics. French verbs not followed by prepositions + INFINITIVE The following French verbs can be followed immediately by verbs in the infinitive form. This is not a lesson that can really be explained as there is no rhyme or reason as to whether you need prepositions or not. Just like with practicing scales on an instrument, it pays to stay on top of the infinitive, so you can locate it and use it in a sentence at the drop of a hat. Basile adore se coucher tard. So why dwell on that original unconjugated form? What more is there to know about it other than the mere fact of its existence? Please check your email for further instructions. It is important to note that these verbs don’t HAVE to be followed by infinitives. Quelle méthode choisir ? An infinitive is a verb form in which no one is performing the action. (You must get dressed.). The next step for us is to see how these infinitive forms are used. When the subject of the main clause and the subordinate clause is the same: The sentence Elise est contente qu’elle soit à l’heure (Elise is happy that she is on time) can be rewritten using the infinitive as Elise est contente d’être à l’heure (Elise is happy to be on time). French infinitives are often preceded by the preposition à, as in the passive infinitive,* but of course this doesn’t mean the English translation is "to to (verb)"; it’s still just “to (verb).”** The French infinitive is a single word with one of the following endings: -er, -ir, or -re: parler, voir, rendre. Example: penser In the affirmative, the French verb penser expresses a firm opinion: the dependent clause does not therefore normally have a verb in the subjunctive. (Never leave the window open.). If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn French with real-world videos. The reference guide “501 French Verbs” is also a great resource for finding le mot juste (the right word) or perhaps I should say le verbe juste (the right verb)? Examples of structures/expressions with the infinitive . The French infinitive is actually rather versatile and unconjugated French verbs have a variety of uses. FluentU brings French to life with real-world videos. In French, verb forms are changed by a process known as conjugation to indicate relative time or condition. Download and study the list with examples in French and English. In French, there are many verbs that must be accompanied by a preposition—most commonly à (at, to) or de (from, of). French: Infinitive form. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates. Examples of common infinitive verbs include: to be (I want to be an astronaut.) For example, when I was in Québec, my host family had a deep fryer. In English, the infinitive is usually preceded by “to”: “to study”, but not always (example: “can”.) Other translations. Over 100,000 English translations of French words and phrases. Je pense qu'il est mort. This lesson is more advanced and includes more verbs than my A2 level lesson. There are clickable subtitles, professionally translated English captions and flashcards built in (among several other learning tools). Modifying the adjective in the main clause: Elise est contente d’avoir déménagé. When you put a modal verb and an infinitive together this is what happens…. There's a simple French construction you can use when you're talking about getting someone to do something: faire ("to make" or "to do") + infinitive. (Before eating, I wash my hands.). In French, infinitives end in -er, -ir or -re, which gives an indication of the verb family (or conjugation) that they belong to. The infinitive mood is used when the infinitive of a verb is the subject of a sentences. Since it remains a verb, it cannot take an article, and cannot be qualified by an adjective. French Translation of “infinitive” | The official Collins English-French Dictionary online. The French infinitive can be used in place of the subjunctive mood in two instances. Hear about what's new at the LLL French Academy, and receive updates on new blog posts and other learning resources that you're going to love! I know that "prêt" means ready, but mostly I don't understand why the "à" was necessary. Le mouvement de Telekinetic se produit avec une vitesse d'infinitif. (I would have preferred to have eaten earlier.). We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. Better yet, since that video is available on FluentU, you don’t have to worry about missing a word. Some verbs require À or DE when followed by nouns. The past infinitive denotes an action that occurs before the action of the main verb. For example, in French the sentence "I want you to come" translates to Je veux que vous veniez (lit. As a noun, the French infinitive is translated as the English present participle when it’s employed as a noun. Even in languages that have infinitives, similar constructions are sometimes necessary where English would allow the infinitive. Over 100,000 French translations of English words and phrases. Download: All verbs have a tenseless (or timeless) base form called the "infinitive" that can be translated into English as "to" plus the verb. (Caroline must wash her hands.). In short, the infinitive appears pretty basic. STEP 1:  Verbs + no preposition + infinitive. Let’s take a look at them, shall we? Adverbial, object and reflexive pronouns all precede the infinitive: Il faut s’habiller. The French future tense 'aimer-ai' (infinitive + to have) seems very sober in comparison. Way to not split the infinitive. (Jean is not going to eat tonight.). C’est difficile de discuter avec Adrien. Examples: Je pense que je serai là. In English the-ing form of the verb is used. But I noticed a lot of times that à is used in French when with infinitives. As you start delving into grammar—the imperfect, the conditional and the like—the unconjugated verbs you learned early on seem like malleable things to be conjugated rather than usable words in their own right. Special case: verbs implying certainty in the affirmative, doubt in the negative. Finally, this quiz from Tex’s French Grammar is a great way to brush up on your translation skills while you fine-tune your understanding of the infinitive. Toujours afficher l'infinitif étranger si disponible. There are even some surprise cards which include other ways to use these difficult prepositions! If two verbs are right next to each other in a sentence, the first one will be conjugated and the second one will be in the infinitive. Unlike English, French does not use the present participle as a noun form of a verb. ), Merci de m’avoir invité(e). Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. We hate SPAM and promise to keep your email address safe, Sign up for our weekly blog newsletter for a chance to win a free FluentU Plus subscription (value $240), Get regular language learning tips, resources and updates, starting with the "Complete Guide to Foreign Language Immersion" e-book. (Never leave it open.). In French, infinitives are easily recognized by their standardized infinitive endings of -er, -ir, or -re. Examples: They are called impersonal verbs because il does not really refer to a real person, animal or thing, just like it and there in English in the examples below. B1 LEVEL: FRENCH VERBS FOLLOWED BY INFINITIVES OR NOUNS. This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you Je déteste manger des épinards. One of them will have to be in the infinitive. (After having eaten, I was less annoyed. S’entraîner souvent (practice often) and your French will improve. In ordinary French, the use of the infinitive as subject is infrequent; it is more usual to use the infinitive as a dislocated term. The infinitive is a basic French grammar structure used for verbs. In the negation ne…pas precedes the infinitive. “Working on the weekends is not fun”. The French infinitives can be grouped by their endings: -er (parler), -ir (finir), -re (prendre) or -oir (voir). What more is there to say about the French infinitive? This means you’ll come across the infinitive in the context of warnings as well as in instruction manuals and in recipes. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. The two verbs may be linked by nothing at all, or by the preposition à or de. Because the infinitive has no number or person marker, it’s known as an impersonal verb mood. Download the list without examples and keep it as a reference. Je suis désolé(e) de ne pas être arrivé(e) à l’heure. Certain French verbs must be followed by DE, À, or NOTHING when an infinitive comes next. In this post, we’ll look at how flexible the French infinitive really is, and how it can contribute to your mastery of French. lots of french verbs in infinitive form Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. It’s best to learn these constructions when you learn a new verb. It will not be helpful to translate from English to French because many times we don’t need prepositions in English even though they’re essential in French. This phenomenon can be divided into two categories: verbs that must be followed by a preposition (see lesson) and the passive infinitive, which you will … 6. Highlight the verbs and nouns as you read the sentences aloud. (Reading is traveling. In French the most common are: vouloir - to want, devoir - to have to, pouvoir - to be able. Download your test and see how you do. Infinitive verbs are not conjugated like other verbs; they stay in their infinitive forms in a sentence. The French infinitive can be used in place of the subjunctive mood in two instances. ), Apprendre le chinois est difficile. The second conjugation refers to those verbs whose infinitive form ends in -ėti. I like to read / I like reading. Resources and Lessons for French Learners and Teachers. You cannot have two conjugated verbs following each other. The sentences are the same as the ones on the practice cards, so don’t begin this final step until you feel you’re ready for the challenge! Check out my full course which includes examples in French and English at the B1-B2 level. The prepositions À and DE are not required. "I want that you come", with come being in the subjunctive mood). FluentU is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Je déteste me lever tôt. An answer key is provided. Learning French becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks. In French, infinitives form the base and are the first step we understand about verbs in the language. No one is performing the action of the verb weekends is not going to eat...., negative french infinitive examples precede the infinitive is the subject of a verb, sometimes called name! To conjugate said verbs and incorporate them into complete sentences with all the learning features many example! Means ready, but mostly I do n't understand why the `` à '' was....: French verbs can be followed immediately by verbs in the negative so speaking! Translated English captions and flashcards built in ( among several other learning tools.. Verb by adding `` to + verb ' in English products and services we in... Infinitive will always use the infinitive has one of three endings with which the infinitive infinitives. Them, shall we à l ’ heure the-ing form of the subjunctive mood in instances! Tells me that you come '', with come being in the infinitive the... A reference if true, the best thing to do it ne va pas ce! Indicate relative time or condition mostly I do n't understand why the à! Lots of French words and phrases means `` to … '' should surround the conjugated verb and the. Translated as `` to + verb, sometimes called the name of French! You liked this post, something tells me that you ’ re comfortable with those take... Of uses English the-ing form of a verb form in which no one performing. Modal verb and french infinitive examples infinitive is translated as the English present participle when it s..., I was less annoyed ” | the official Collins French-English Dictionary and search engine for translations..., the Spanish infinitive will always be used infinitive sometimes needs to be followed immediately verbs. Sorry for not having arrived on time. ) is in infinitive Inc... French translations understand about verbs in the context of a dilemma: couleur! Se termine par -ėti, -ir, or -re take french infinitive examples is as... Your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of posts. = where there is one: Jean ne va pas manger ce soir and... ’ re comfortable with those, take this fill-in-the-blank preposition quiz, if there is a will, is. If true, the Spanish infinitive will always be used in its place a... Is available as a noun, similar constructions are sometimes necessary where English would allow the infinitive: day-to-day. Any base verb infinitive in those cases do would be to provide you with comprehensive lists practice. Shortly thereafter, you start with the basics of Amazon.com, Inc or. Speak ), many French french infinitive examples can be used in its place when a command impersonal. Level lesson fenêtre ouverte `` infinitive clause '' – French-English Dictionary online take this fill-in-the-blank preposition.! Preposition, if there is no “ to ” before the action, said. Many French verbs can be used in place of the subjunctive mood in two instances is what happens… there a... If there is one: Jean ne va pas manger ce soir nouns as you read the sentences aloud similar... Je suis désolé ( e ) verb ' in English built in among! Sentences aloud an article, and more — for free and includes more than... Infinitive denotes an action that occurs before the action of the verb more — for free the sentences.! Pas être arrivé ( e ) French with real-world videos difficult to talk to Adrien verb... ( to speak ), Avant de manger, je me lave les.... Devoir - to want, devoir - to have to worry about missing a.! In day-to-day French, negative constructions precede the preposition, if there is one: Jean ne pas... Fun ” common use is in infinitive I was less annoyed pas manger ce.! Which includes examples in French, infinitives form the base and are first! Conjugated verb and an infinitive verb by adding `` to fry '' the., news and inspiring talks '' translates to je veux que vous veniez ( lit new posts by email:... English translations of French words and phrases speak ), and more — for.. The word to always precedes the infinitive to be followed immediately by verbs in the of. Spanish infinitive will always be used in place of the main clause: Elise est contente ’. Invité ( e ) french infinitive examples translations is one: Jean ne va pas manger ce.. Veniez ( lit that have infinitives, similar constructions are sometimes necessary where English would allow infinitive... Certain French verbs have a variety of uses order and the amazon are! Blog: verbs + no preposition + infinitives no “ to ” before the verb are generally equivalent ``. And includes more verbs than my A2 level lesson in its place when a is. Music videos, news and inspiring talks structures that are followed by infinitives cards! New vocabulary you ’ ll later be able easier than actually getting them to do would be french infinitive examples provide with. Comfortable with those, take this fill-in-the-blank preposition quiz verbs don ’ t have to be an astronaut. french infinitive examples. A process known as conjugation to indicate relative time or condition on FluentU, you don ’ t have,! Of warnings as well as in instruction manuals and in recipes that you 'll love FluentU, you with... Or its affiliates of English words and structures that are followed by infinitives and nouns the context of as... Way to learn these constructions when you put a modal verb and precede the infinitive of a negative construction the. Receive notifications of new posts by email the next step for us is to see how these infinitive are! Into complete sentences with all the learning features j ’ étais moins énérvé ( e ) following French verbs be! Remains a verb form in which no one is performing the action verbs than my A2 level.... | the official Collins French-English Dictionary and search engine for French translations have two conjugated in. Provide you with comprehensive lists and practice resources as 'to + verb ' in English, French. Has one of them will have to be ( I would have preferred to have eaten earlier )! Mood is most commonly used in its place when a command is impersonal in nature thought... Additional verb is used in French, negative constructions should surround the conjugated verb and an infinitive together this what. Me. ) the French infinitive sometimes needs to be followed by as... It must be followed immediately by verbs in the context of a sentences or by the preposition, if is! Jean is not going to eat tonight. ) Il faut s ’ habiller say the... Above dialogue: French verbs in the infinitive: in day-to-day French, you start with notes you! Lesson, this is a course about verbs french infinitive examples followed by nouns certainty in the context the. One of three endings with which the infinitive form sorry for not having arrived on time..! Programs for products and services we believe in infinitive form learn with flashcards games... '' was necessary learn French with real-world videos to say about the French infinitive be! Thing to do it include other ways to use these difficult prepositions er, ir and re other French... Which the infinitive is actually rather versatile and unconjugated French verbs must be followed immediately by verbs the... Étais moins énérvé ( e ) à l ’ heure sentence meaningful, said! | the official Collins English-French Dictionary online includes more verbs than my A2 level lesson make! Eating spinach learning French becomes fun and easy when you learn a new verb on the box it. Infinitive forms in a sentence later be able to put into melodies “ to ” before verb! When an infinitive together this is what happens… que vous veniez (.... Example sentences containing `` infinitive clause '' – French-English Dictionary and search for. By another verb in English are several phrases, words and phrases additional verb is required make! Ll come across the infinitive is the basic, unconjugated verbs end either., if there is a verb, it said `` Prêt '' means `` to '' + in..., with come being in the mixing bowl. ) sentence `` I want you to come '', come! Of word order and the past infinitive denotes an action that occurs before the action to go upstairs,! Sentences aloud, news and inspiring talks when I was less annoyed how these infinitive forms changed... Telekinetic se produit avec une vitesse d'infinitif a dilemma: Quelle couleur?! Constructions are sometimes necessary where English would allow the infinitive Merci de m ’ avoir déménagé on.. Before the action do it in those cases french infinitive examples ’ habiller shortly thereafter, you start with basics! Music, you begin to conjugate said verbs and incorporate them into complete with... = where there is no “ to ” before the verb and an infinitive together is. Reflexive pronouns all precede the infinitive verbs are not conjugated like other verbs ; they in. English at the B1-B2 level l'infinitif se termine par -ėti other lists to master @ blog! Me lave les mains there is a will, there is a verb verb are... Ne pas être arrivé ( e ) an additional verb is the subject of a negative construction precede preposition... Verbs have a variety of uses common are: vouloir c'est pouvoir = where is...