[ Mass nouns (also called uncountable nouns or non-count nouns) are nouns that cannot be pluralized. An expression P has cumulative reference if and only if[1][2] for any X and Y: ∀ Anything that cannot be counted is an uncountable noun. ; I have written articles on several ; Jeff went to many places regarding this project. There are concrete nouns, and abstract nouns. Sample lexical entries. In languages that have a partitive case, the distinction is explicit and mandatory. We have no idea which cat, just some random cat. X Given that different languages have different grammatical features, the actual test for which nouns are mass nouns may vary between languages. Theory and practise of English grammar. x [citation needed]. © 2020 Professional Writing. Examples include divisible count nouns like "rope", "string", "stone", "tile", etc.[4]. ] Write sentences using determiners with mass and count nouns. A few examples… Uncountable Nouns. ¬ Some expressions are neither quantized nor cumulative. Non-count nouns generally fall into these categories. Such nouns … Concluding remarks 1. A mass noun is a noun (such as advice, bread, knowledge, luck, and work) that names things that, when used in English, cannot usually be counted. Can you give me some information about uncountable nouns? Nouns that cannot be counted are called uncountable nouns. Nouns and Countability. (Note that these all have plural forms, e.g., "ants," "beavers," "cats.") Because that potential boss or college professor likely knows the rule. You want to build a bookshelf so you buy eight boards made of wood. U There has been a lot of research into the causes of this disease. It is a tangible item that we can see and feel. Because clothing is a category under which shirt, skirt, and tie fall. The expression "chairs", however, does, suggesting that the generalization is not actually specific to the mass-count distinction. Classifier languages: a sketch. But there's also a group of nouns that can't be counted. Examples of this include collective nouns like committee. Thanks! So, book, villages, dwarfs, apostles, men and countries are Count Nouns. Tsoulas, George (2006). The book has 269 pages in it. However, collections of cutlery do have proper parts that can themselves be described as cutlery. Nominal reference, temporal constitution and quantification in event semantics. Thus, the mass noun "water" is quantified as "20 litres of water" while the count noun "chair" is quantified as "20 chairs". For example, the count noun "house" is difficult to use as mass (though clearly possible), and the mass noun "cutlery" is most frequently used as mass, despite the fact that it denotes objects, and has count equivalents in other languages: In some languages, such as Chinese and Japanese, it has been claimed by some that all nouns are effectively mass nouns, requiring a measure word to be quantified.[7]. In a sense, a mass noun cannot be counted. three wise men, five BRICS countries.) (Incorrect even if a catastrophe is considered), Incorrect: *There is a cutlery on the table. Each chapter covers 5 topics. The related sentence join veden, "I drank (the) water", using the accusative case instead, assumes that there was a specific countable portion of water that was completely drunk. An indefinite article (a) was used. To give you an idea of what these are, I’ve compiled a list. ; Lisa has much knowledge about this topic. (Incorrect even if just one fork is on the table). In English, mass nouns are characterized by the fact that they cannot be directly modified by a numeral without specifying a unit of measurement, and that they cannot combine with an indefinite article (a or an). coin/coins). This is straight out of grammar 101, so no problem, right? Mass: Sugar Count: Three packs of sugar. Measure 1 cup of water, 300g of flour, and … MASS NOUNS. If, instead, we had chosen to characterize count nouns as quantized nouns, and mass nouns as non-quantized ones, then we would (incorrectly) be led to expect committee to be a mass noun. When we know grammatical concepts instinctively – or think we know them instinctively – we often mess up. Comparisons and conclusions 7.1.Some alternatives 7.2. Use the determiners this is, that is, these are, those are with mass and count nouns correctly. A mass: work, homework, equipment, money, transportation, jewelry, clothing, traffic, luggage You are talking about an entire category of cheeses. For example, the same set of chairs can be referred to as "seven chairs" (count) and as "furniture" (mass); the Middle English mass noun pease has become the count noun pea by morphological reanalysis; "vegetables" are a plural count form, while the British English slang synonym "veg" is a mass noun. A mass noun is a person, place, or thing that do not have a plural form. Quantities 5.3. p Obviously not, because intelligence is abstract and not easily quantifiable. An indefinite article (a) was used. But it is meant to give you an idea of which types of nouns are mass nouns. For example, one may say that "there's apple in this sauce," and then apple has cumulative reference, and, hence, is used as a mass noun. Why? Objectives Identify mass and count nouns. Below is a list of a mass noun examples. (determiner) They know French. [6] Nouns differ in the extent to which they can be used flexibly, depending largely on their meanings and the context of use. To take this idea another step further, there are count nouns and mass nouns (also called non-count nouns). Mass nouns have no concept of singular and plural, although in English they take singular verb forms. money). Keith Allan. In English (and in many other languages), there is a tendency for nouns referring to liquids (water, juice), powders (sugar, sand), or substances (metal, wood) to be used in mass syntax, and for nouns referring to objects or people to be count nouns. Collective nouns are names for a collection or a number of people or things. ( Examples of Quantifiers: I saw few people in the program. Others can be used with both types (e.g., a lot of, some). Count nouns are nouns that can be pluralized, or counted with a number (one tomato, two tomatoes). There are five tests you can use to check for noun status: Tests for Nouns; 1. ∧ Plurality of mass nouns and the grammar of number. ) To quantify a count or mass noun, we can use quantifiers, amount words (such as numbers), or determiners (such as a or an). Examples. Jack seems to be a member of a gang. Nouns in English grammar can be countable or uncountable. A mass noun (also known as a noncount noun) is generally used only in the singular. Now this is very similar to what we talked about above, because these units of measure are count nouns. Mass Nouns. Grammatical number and physical discreteness, Conflation of collective noun and mass noun, Krifka, Manfred 1989. [8] In 2008, Tesco changed supermarket checkout signs reading "Ten items or less" after complaints that it was bad grammar; at the suggestion of the Plain English Campaign it switched to "Up to ten items" rather than to "Ten items or fewer".[9]. Updated May 30, 2019. It has 39 chapters in it. 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