Often a suspected problem with termites, turns out to be a problem with carpenter ants or fire ants, because they look so similar. Subterranean TermiteReticulitermes spp., Coptot… You can easily check it with the help of a screwdriver: just softly nock the wood and hear the outcome. They slightly resemble flying ants when they’re in their swarming stage, but the two are easily confused with each other. Workers. What Do Termites Look Like? While all members of the colony work together to ensure the success of the colony, there are three different groups (or castes). At Rentokil, we confirm the invading termite species through a visual identification of the insects themselves rather than just looking at the evidence of the damage to your building and its location. Therefore it is important to recognise the different types of termite that are present in one colony. They do not emerge again from the nest and may live for several decades. Subterranean termites (also called white ants) cause most of the damage around the country. What are the costs of termite prevention? • What's causing those holes in the fascia? Identifying termite species All types of termites can cause damage to your home, but knowing a bit more about the different species of termites can help identify them more easily. Rentokil are the experts in protecting homes, commercial buildings and institutions such as schools, hospitals and care homes. Wood damaged by subterranean termites has ‘galleries’ (hollow tunnels) that run along the grain of the wood as it is softer and easier to eat. As termites consume cellulose found in timber within walls, the visible cracks could be a sign of termite activity inside. How often should my home be inspected for termites? Habitual impacts of termites are really bad. The long-winged termite nymphs have eyes and wing buds that eventually develop into full wings. Formosan TermiteCoptotermes formosanus 4. Subterranean termites can cause damage to the subfloor, which can make your wood flooring appear as if it has water damage. Termites Size And Appearance. Over time, the grooves weaken the wood and structural damage follows. They are often referred to as Silent Destroyers. They undergo what is termed incomplete metamorphosis, which has no pupal stage: Development is controlled by pheromones produced by the queen and one caste can develop into another caste, depending on the termite species and the requirements of the colony. Learn more about subterranean termites: signs of their activity; best methods of treatment and DIY methods. Most everyone has heard of termites and knows that having them in their home is not a good thing, that termites use the structural wood of a home as an all-they-can eat buffet. There are over 40 species of termites in the United States alone. Ant wings are larger in front and smaller in the back. Do termites really look like ants? When it comes to the color, termite frass differs greatly depending on the kind of wood and cellulose food source, ranging from dark brown to … They are usually in a central location in the termite colony, in the carton nest built above ground, galleries tunnelled in the ground or in galleries tunnelled out of wood, depending on the species. After hours calls will be returned the next business day. What do termites look like? Eastern subterranean termites live in large underground colonies that contain thousands of members. Termites have soft bodies that appear white or brown. In some cases, wood shavings may appear, and wood will be left looking rather splintered. Termites have three main developmental stages, unlike ants which have four. Their antennas resemble the beads of strung necklaces. 4 Are subterraneans able to feed on concrete? The queen feeds and tends to the hatched nymphs until they mature into workers. Ants come into our homes looking for the food that we eat, such as sweet foods and protein sources, whereas the pest termites feed on wood and other cellulose sources such as paper. How often should my home be treated for termites? Drywood termites typically enter structures near the roof line or other exposed wood to begin building a colony. They are tiny but visible to the naked eye. First of all, you should pay attention to damp and warm places(basement), the exterior and interior surfaces of the foundation, particularly construction where wood is on or near the soil. Is termite treatment covered by insurance? Look for tiny holes in the wood with evidence of frass collecting below — the termites push their droppings out of their galleries to keep them clean. Depending on whether the termite is a worker, a soldier or a reproducer, the color will vary from black to cream. Ant larvae look like grubs. In fact ants are the main predators of termites, with some species of ant highly adapted to attacking ants and even co-habiting termite nests. Find out more about our termite inspection service. They have strong claws to grip wooden surfaces and strong jaws for chewing wooden fibres. There are species of termite that forage in the open, feeding on plant matter such as dead grass, leaves, twigs or lichen, but they require humid conditions, are mostly found in remote areas and are not pests of buildings. When in the new nest the male and female are regarded as the queen and king. The abdomen of the queen grows so large that it cannot move from its position in the middle of the nest, so will not be seen unless a nest is broken open. They have no legs or eyes, nor do they appear to have a separate, segmented head. They look like other species of dry wood in being deeper and larger-bodied than other termites that dwell underground. The mud tunnels. In some species the soldiers have an enlarged head with large mandibles (jaws) for defence. Frass looks like sawdust, but on close inspection is composed of even-sized grains with six sides. Frass looks like sawdust, but on close inspection is composed of even-sized grains with six sides. In some cases, wood shavings may appear, and wood will be left looking rather splintered. On close examination, however, you can easily tell the difference, as shown in the graphic and description below. What does a termite look like? Outdoor wood piles or timber infested by termites will look like they’ve been completely carved and tunneled-through. To recognize the activity of subterranean termites inside and outside your house, you need a good flashlight, screwdriver or pocketknife and coveralls. Another indication of termites is frass – piles of droppings that look like sand, or small pellets, pushed out of the nest as they consume wood. Different species of both termites and ants swarm at different times — of the day or year — so there is no fixed rule for distinguishing them in this way. It is here you should look for evidence of damaged wood and mud tubes. When termites feed on the cellulose contained by wood, the wood source will become brittle and hollow. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Termites are a major problem for most home, but few people know what they are or what they even look like. Head sometimes modified for defence. This termite walks more slowly and has shorter limbs and is blind. Dampwood and drywood termites tend to be larger than subterranean termites. These develop into the neotenics (see below), which are one of the reproductive types and have the ability to produce eggs in the colony in certain situations. When termites feed on the cellulose inside of wood, the wood source will eventually become brittle and hollow. The mold is the sign that the wooden structure has already began to decompose and you should carefully inspect it for termites’ activity. Call us for a free quote on Termites and ants do look similar in many ways but there are some distinguishing features that make it possible to tell the two apart. Probing the wood above the frass may also expose termite galleries and the nest below a thin skin of wood or paint. • What do termites eat? Residential: 1300 307 576Commercial: 1300 307 148, or fill out your details and we will call you back, If you suspect you have termites, call us today on 1300 307 825 (office hours) or contact us online, the queen produces neotenics by parthenogenesis, West Indian drywood termite (Cryptotermes brevis) there are no true workers, species of termite that forage in the open, identifying termites from the damage that they cause, Nymph/ larva: these resemble small adults on hatching, Adult: queen, king, reproductives, workers, soldiers, Termites have a straight ‘waist’ between the thorax and abdomen, Termites have a blunt end to their abdomen, Most ant species have a sharp end which can sting or spray toxic chemicals, Termite front and rear wings are of equal length and longer than the body, The front wings of ants are a similar length to their body and longer than the rear pair, The bodies of termites workers and soldiers are beige or tan coloured in most species and the alates are brown. Males and females pair off and land to look for a nesting site. This example was of a wall corner behind a door, and you can see how it could be difficult to identify if the door was kept open. After the termites have been dealt with, you then have the issue of repairing a damaged deck or porch. Dry wood termites can be distinguished from the others by the fact that they have relatively shorter legs. Cannot be combined with any other offers or coupons. Water-damaged wood is a like a buffet to these pesky and dangerous creatures. The clear answer generally depends upon the variety and kind of pest. For the drywood and dampwood termites, their droppings maybe recognized because they look like pellets. Unfortunately, subterranean termites can be surprisingly subtle… until they aren’t. Termites are similar in size to ants, which often leads to confusion, especially in their winged stage. Termite swarmers can look like flying ants, and they are often confused. Cryptotermes spp. In some cases, wood shavings may appear, and wood will be left looking rather splintered. What do termites look like? A termite infestation can result in costly repairs to your property. Dampwood and drywood termites live and breed inside the wood they are feeding on, whereas subterranean termites build their nests in the ground or near sources of moisture above ground and send out the workers to forage for wood sources. Wood that has been eaten away by subterranean termites- for instance- will exhibit definite honeycomb patterns along its surface. Appearance. Piles of wood or timber infested by termites will look like they’ve been completely carved and tunneled-through. While a termite queen is the type of termite that you are most likely to see--and therefore the termite most in need of a description-- however, it is also the type of termite that you're least likely to see. Alates, also known as reproductive or swarmer drywood termites, can … What Do Termites Look Like? Aside from the information contained in our pest identification tool, here are some quick tips for identifying whether the pest you’re dealing with is actually a termite: Length: Termites range in size between 1/8" and 1” in length. 2. https://www.myheronhome.com/.../damage/what-does-termite-damage-look-like Piles of wood or timber infested by termites will look like they’ve been completely carved and tunneled-through. Hollow-like empty wood or wood with small holes in it. and Incisitermes spp.. Termites look similar to ants.In fact, most people describe termites as white ants.. They are both male and female but are sterile. 3 Can subterranean termites eat a pressure-treated wood? What are the signs of a termite infestation? Blisters in Wood Flooring. Alates are the winged male and female reproductives that swarm out from the nest at certain times of the year or the rainy season. Shortly after landing they snap their wings off and either excavate a small chamber in the soil (subterranean termites) or find suitable timber to create a nest (dampwood and drywood termites) then mate and produce eggs. 2. Ehrlich’s termite species guide offers greater detail on what termites look like and how to recognize the common features between termite species. Mold is stinking and can be gray, yellow, green, white or black. Do termites really look like ants? The workers make up the largest number in a colony and are the caste that is seen when a nest or infested wood is broken open. Hollowed or Damaged Wood As worker termites chew through wood in search if cellulose, they damage the wood behind or below surfaces such as floors and walls. It is easy to diagnose a termite infestation when you notice damaged wood, which often appears tunneled-through and sounds hollow. These channels are plentiful, so the wood will have a tattered look. What can you do? The older workers excavate or build the nest, construct the tunnels and forage for food which they bring back to the nest and feed to the other termites. Termite species vary in habits, preferred food, size, body characteristics, colour and even parts of their lifecycle. This page describes the different life stages and castes of termites and shows you how to tell flying termites from flying ants. Identifying termites doesn’t have to be complicated. Body: The pests have soft bodies and straight antennae. Can termites be prevented in existing homes? However, the inside of the wood will look layered or like a honeycomb. Mouthparts: For chewing or munching. Termite identification begins and ends with the queen. It may take several years for a new termite colony to produce alates. How Fast do Termites Eat Wood. The damage caused by termites is often confused for other structural problems, which is why it’s essential to recognize the signs of their destruction and take initiative in having a professional investigate your home. By DoMyOwn staff Print Article Overview. Soldiers defend the colony against attack by predatory enemies such as ants. • I think I have termites. The termite larvae and nymphs resemble miniature adults. The reason why these termites don’t leave holes is that they are creating their nest under the soil. Size & Length: they typically measure between 1/4 and 1/2 of an inch long. • How do I treat wood rot that's listed in my termite-WDO report? Are there tentless termite treatment options? You may think this risk will not affect you because you purchased your home not long ago and it was certified to be free of termites. Here you can find early signs of termite damage such as mud tunnels (the most prevailing feature). They organize themselves in a very efficient way among themselves. They also have a thick waist. As with any other pest, correct identification ensures the use of the most effective control methods and allows you to choose the most appropriate prevention steps to try and avoid problems in the future. In some cases, you may notice wood shavings or wood that looks rather splintered. The main difference is in the body shape. It may take several years before the next generation of alates are produced in a new colony. Not only the structural damage, it also can create bad odor in your house. What do baby termites look like? The appearance of termite damage can vary but generally manifests in unexplained wood damage, broken flooring, sagging ceilings, and more. Does not apply to past balances or outstanding invoices. Well below are brief points to be noted on termites infestation, and how to control them and prevent them as well. Find out more about the main termite pest species present in Australia. If you have damage like this in your home, call us and schedule termite control treatmentfor your property immediately. Eyes: Winged termites have small and well-separated eyes. The amount of wood a single colony destroys principally depends on the type of termite, the type and condition of wood, and what has been done to treat the wood. Look for tiny holes in the wood with evidence of frass collecting below — the termites push their droppings out of their galleries to keep them clean. Termites cause nearly $40 billion dollars in damage worldwide each year Termites don’t care about a pandemic. They are also covered in tiny hairs. Dampwood TermiteZootermopsis spp. The queen produces chemicals called pheromones that are passed around the colony and prevent the other reproductives from developing functional reproductive organs. All colonies have fertile males called "kings" and one or more fertile females called "queens". 1. Baby termites look exactly like a tiny termite, but they're usually white in color. We passionately and continuously work as a team to protect our common goals, culture, and our most precious asset: our customers. An ant’s body has noticeable segmentation with a pinched waist, while a termite’s body is more tube-shaped. Appears soft. They are eyeless, soft bodied and wingless. and Incisitermes spp.. If you see signs of termite damage or even if you see the termites themselves, contact a pest control company to kill the termites. Often, these pellets look like coffee grounds, however, they can imitate the appearance of sand and sawdust as well. There are some general characteristics, however, that are similar and can be used to identify termites and tell them from ants or other insects. Drywood TermiteCryptotermes spp. Subterranean termites typically eat along the grain of the wood Subterranean termites are known to make "carton" nests in wall voids and in trees. Worker and soldier termites have very small or no eyes at all. But not many people really know what a termite looks like; and the reason for this is mainly because subterranean termites nest underground, travel underground, and feed on the inside of wood. They have functional sexual organs and the females can produce eggs when the queen dies or its influence is reduced. Outdoor wood piles or timber infested by termites will look like they’ve been completely carved and tunneled-through. In some species the eggs go through four moulting stages. Termites can look like ants, however, they can be distinguished by their visible wings, straight antennae compared to ants bent antennae, relatively thick waists, hard exoskeletons, and very dark color.. Homes are always exposed to not just weather, but to insects as well. Termites do not like solitude and live in a society like ants. Their unusual appetite draws us to our homes to dine on any wood it can find. Although they have distinct characteristics, most look similar. These neotenics are genetically identical to the queen and means the queen is “genetically immortal” until the colony dies out. Termites mostly feed on dead plant material and cellulose, generally in the form of wood, leaf litter, soil, or animal dung. There are variations in size and color between termite species. Which types of termite species you'll have to contend with depends on where in the U.S. you live. Today I’m going to help you determine yourself what is the difference between an ant and a termite. • Do I really need a termite-WDO inspection? In long-term cases, wood structures can begin to look warped or bent. It is possibly to say, that termites and mold in some cases represent a distinct connection. Do I still need a termite inspection? One of the best ways to identify whether you are looking at termite holes is to check the opening’s size. This is because subterranean termites bore wood along the wood grain. Having know what do termites look like, since termites are very hazardous and cause a great deal of damage to human properties, you obviously wouldn’t want to have them around destroying things. Wood can also get weaker due to water damage or dry rot. When termites feed on the cellulose inside of wood, the wood source will eventually become brittle and hollow. Since the worker termites in these groups more or less look the same, the appearance of the reproductive caste (alates) and soldiers is important. There are three distinct groups into which termites are divided: subterranean, drywood, and dampwood. What do Drywood Termites Look Like? These areas or blisters can indicate termites feeding within or below. These are secondary reproductives and can develop from nymphs or other castes (depending on termite species) when the influence of the queen reduces or disappears. Termite larvae look like a smaller version of the adult worker and nymph termites; they have a separate, segmented head, legs, and antennae. Outdoor wood piles or timber infested by termites will look like they’ve been completely carved and tunneled-through. The different types of termite have different ‘signatures’ in the way that they damage your timber. Size & Length: they typically measure between 1/4 and 1/2 of an inch long. What do Drywood Termites Look Like? 5 Can subterranean termites eat drywall? In some cases, you may notice wood shavings or wood that looks rather splintered. They feed off cellulose-containing materials like timber. This could be when the queen dies, when the colony grows large and the queen is aging or when a satellite colony is established separate from the main one. Contents. Look at the picture, you have seen that termites have soft bodies and do not have any body armor. Drywood termites- meanwhile- leave behind similar unsightly excavations on wooden floors; but these are much less prominent due to the smaller number of drywood colonies. Subterranean termites usually damage the subfloor making it look like it has water damage. Subterranean termites can cause damage to the subfloor, which can make your wood flooring appear as if it has water damage. Termite eggs are white or light brown and translucent. When swarming termites have left the nest, termite holes are stuck down by a nymph termite. Types Of Termites. There are over 40 species of termites in the United States alone. Damp-wood and drywood termites are … Termites are one of the homeowner’s greatest enemies. Accurate identification is the first step to controlling termites and understanding the difference between these two pests will inform the next steps and measures needed to control infestations on your property. Having experienced a termite infestation, most people will be eager to ensure they do not have the same problem in the future. The pellets look like coffee grounds. Rated 4.2/5 Based on 172 Verified Ratings. Would You Like Our Service Team to Contact You? Termite swarmers can look like flying ants, and they are often confused. Because it takes a long time for termite damage to become noticeable, it’s important to have termite control services to prevent infestations. In species of the Nasutitermitinae subfamily the soldiers have a snout, called the nasus, which can spray a repellent liquid. Termite damage is often well-hidden within the structure of a home, but especially destructive infestations will start to show obvious signs. Drywood termites produce wood-colored droppings as they eat through infested wood. The most visible signs may be seen in the following areas of the home: Everyone knows that termites feast on wood, but what does a piece of wood look like after it’s been infested by a termite? Frequently asked questions and answers about termites, including: are they covered under home insurance, are treatments safe, how quickly can termites infest a house, and more …. There are neglected cases, when after the screwdriver inspection, the decomposed wood starts to crumble and break. There are ways that will help you to discover the presence of subterranean termitesinside and outside your dwelling by your own. They have a pale brown, soft body, no eyes or wings, and hard mouthparts for chewing wood. The young nymphs are sometimes referred to as larvae and then nymphs after several moults. So, when these termites begin to do damage, it will usually be hidden from view, only seen if you're doing a renovation or tearing up a stump in the yard. *Valid on new services only. Hollowed or Damaged Wood. For example, western subterranean termite soldiers have yellowish heads, while western drywood termite soldiers have reddish brown heads. These nymphs have larger bodies than the other castes and also have eyes. In other occasions, they look like saw dust or even sand. What Do Termites Look Like? © 2020 Rentokil Initial plc and subject to the conditions in the legal statement. and Incisitermes spp. They degrade wood, as well as its derivatives used in construction. Drywood Termites Facts, Identification & Control Latin Name. Termites are very small and similar in size to ants, which often leads to confusion. In long-term cases, wood structures can begin to look warped or bent.